Types of Higher Educational Institutions in Malaysia
Higher education is well organised in Malaysia. There are many higher educational institutions in the country. International students prefer to complete their higher education from leading institutions in Malaysia which offer a wide range of professional as well as academic courses. Public institutions of higher education as well as private universities are offering excellent educational courses and programmes in Malaysia.
Different Types of Higher Educational Institutions in Malaysia
Public Institutions of Higher Education/PIHE
These higher educational institutions are state-run or public organisations. There are a total of 20 public institutions of higher education in Malaysia. These institutions provide quality education to students in Malaysia. Public higher educational institutions are categorised into 3 major groups:
- Research Universities
- Focussed Universities
- Comprehensive Universities
Focussed universities are further subdivided into:
- Technical Universities
- Education Universities
- Management Universities
- Defence Universities
Of the 20 universities at present, 5 are research universities and 4 are comprehensive universities. The remaining 11 are focussed universities.
Research Universities: These universities focus on research and are characterised by quality lectures, competitive entries and academic orientation. The ratio of undergraduates to postgraduates is around 50:50. The following research universities are there in Malaysia right now:
- Universiti Malaya/UM
- Universiti Sains Malaysia/USM
- Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia/UKM
- Universiti Putra Malaysia/UPM
- Universiti Teknologi Malaysia/UTM
Comprehensive Universities: These universities offer various courses and different fields of study. Quality education is imparted here and entrance is a highly competitive process. The ratio of undergraduates to postgraduates is 70 to 30 here. The following are the
- Universiti Teknologi MARA/UiTM
- Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia/UIA
- Universiti Malaysia Sabah/UMS
- Universiti Malaysia Sarawak/UNIMAS
Focussed Universities: These institutions focus on specialised fields pertaining to their establishment. With top grade education and good excellent educational standards, these universities are oriented towards specialised research. The ratio of undergraduates to postgraduates is around 50:50.
- Universiti Utara Malaysia/UUM
- Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris/UPSI
- Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia/UTHM
- Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka/UTeM
- Universiti Malaysia Perlis/UniMAP
- Universiti Malaysia Terengganu/UMT
- Universiti Malaysia Pahang/UMP
- Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia/USIM
- Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin/UniSZA
- Universiti Malaysia Kelantan/UMK
- Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia/UPNM
Private Institutions of Higher Education/PVIHE
The National Private Institutions of Higher Education/PVIHE are oriented towards providing human capital for the nation’s growth. Access and equity management support is given to these institutions by the government under the National Higher Strategic Plan/NHESP.
Polytechnics in Malaysia impart new technical skills for ensuring the country fulfils the condition of the New Economic Model. The emphasis of these institutions is to encourage innovation and creativity among students. Polytechnics in Malaysia are known for producing knowledgeable and skilled workforce.
Community colleges provide development of local communities through development of human capital. The training programmes provided by these institutions are oriented towards creation of LLE or Lifelong Learning Environment. Community colleges provide lifelong learning skills for :
Skill development and clearance of the path to education for secondary school leavers
Progressive training programmes for enhancing the socioeconomic level of local communities
Lifelong learning to improve wellbeing
Collaboration with other institutions of higher education as well as industries and companies
There are also many foreign universities in Malaysia which offer courses in partnership with Malaysian institutions. Students can get an international qualification without leaving Malaysia through this way. These universities have branch campuses in Malaysia. Course fees of these universities are also reasonable. There are several foreign universities in Malaysia such as Monash University, Curtin University of Technology Sarawak Campus, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, and Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus.
Twinning programmes in Malaysia offer only selected courses and foreign universities offer a wider range of courses. Students can also opt for studying at a host university for some semesters while paying the branch campus tuition fee. Foreign university branch campuses offer students a chance to further studies at the post graduate level.
Educational Bodies Governing Higher Education Institutions
Admission of students for public institutions of higher education is managed by the Department of Higher Education’s Student Admission Management Division. Information on the admission of students into these institutions is also present at the UPU Website.
Admission of students into polytechnic colleges is under the control of the Department of Polytechnic Colleges, Student Intake Division. Admission of students into community colleges is through the Department of Community Colleges’ Student Intake Division. Information about these community colleges can be had from the website of the Admission to Community Colleges.
Higher educational institutions of different types are located in Malaysia. This nation has a tremendous scope of opportunities for domestic as well as international students. Different educational bodies govern higher education in Malaysia as well.